CMR referred to the Labour Court`s decision in Megan Hayes Kelly and Beechfield Private Homecare, DWT 1919, in which Ms Hayes Kelly claimed that her employer had violated the Conditions of Employment (Information) Act because there were omissions and errors in her employment contract. In his decision on the case, the President of the Court, Mr. Haugh, considered that the errors and omissions were “at the serious end of the spectrum” and awarded the maximum of four weeks` salary as compensation. Too often, employers find themselves in (often costly) conflicts with employees that could have been avoided by a well-written and well-thought-out employment contract. In order to comply with the legislation, part-time workers should not be treated less well than full-time workers when reorganising the workload, unless such treatment can be objectively justified. However, this can prove to be a difficult issue in labour law, as you need to clearly address your business policy. Most employees work on permanent contracts. In other words, the contract continues until the employer or employee terminates it. However, many others are working on fixed-term or fixed-term contracts. These are contracts that end on a specific date or when a specific task is completed.
Implicit terms are terms that are not agreed orally or in writing, but still apply. Implicit terms can come from a variety of sources. Sometimes they are an obvious consequence of what is in the contract. Sometimes they are required by law. Sometimes implicit terms result from customs and practices in a workplace (for example. B a certain level of overtime pay for employees). In response to a legal request for flexible work, unless you are able and willing to accept a request based solely on the request itself, you must arrange a meeting with your employee within 28 days of receiving the request. If it is difficult to arrange a meeting within this time frame, obtain the employee`s consent to extend it. Failure to hold a meeting within the 28-day period or an extension without the employee`s consent is a violation of procedure. In the event of a dispute as to whether an employee is excluded from the rights conferred by law, the Labour Court of Appeal will examine the reality of the employment relationship and the true intentions of the parties and will not rely solely on the terms of the agreements concluded between them.
Other terms that could be included in an employment contract: the introduction of a flexible working policy should not be difficult. However, you need to plan, implement, and monitor adoption across the enterprise. You must inform and consult with staff before presenting it. This can help them understand how flexible working arrangements can affect your business. Non-solicitation: A non-solicitation clause prevents the employee from encouraging other employees or customers/clients of the employer to move to another business or service provider. These clauses must also meet certain restrictions to be considered valid and generally apply for a predetermined period of time (e.B. 2 or 3 years from the end of the employment relationship). Under the Employment (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act 2018, you must also provide employees with a written statement of five basic terms and conditions of employment within five days of their first day of work. Including these basic conditions in your employment contract allows you to comply with your obligation under the 2018 legislation. The employer is required to submit a written statement to employees within two months of the start of employment. Teleworkers are entitled to a written declaration under the same conditions as office workers.
Whereas the place of employment must be included in this information, so that the arrangements for teleworking must be included; All information about the activities of the company acquired in the course of employment should be considered strictly confidential and may not be disclosed to third parties unless this is necessary in the normal course of your work. If your employee has a restrictive agreement in their contract and has violated it, you have the right to file an application for an injunction with the court. An injunction prevents your former employee from running a competing business or attracting customers, as the case may be. You can also claim damages if you have suffered a financial loss. This implicit term applies during the employment relationship, but not once it has ended. Any act of an employee that seriously harms an employer`s business is contrary to this provision. Common examples include: Explicit terms are agreed between you and your employer. They are agreed orally or in writing in the written contract or in other documents that are part of your contract with your employer, such as . B an employee manual. This is not an exhaustive list, but explicit terms usually include remuneration, hours of work and a notice period. Employees may not engage in any other employment or business activity if there is a potential or actual conflict between the interests of the Company and those of the other Company. The reference period is a four-month period in the context of employment.
An employment contract can be oral, written or partly oral and partially written. However, it is in your case and that of your employee that the agreed terms governing your employment relationship are confirmed in writing (see “Employment Contract” (ET006)). A contract must explicitly contain all the essential conditions to avoid unnecessary disputes that arise at a later date and may lead to legal proceedings. At a minimum, a contract should include all the issues that must be mentioned in a declaration of employment (see declaration of work) and therefore avoid having to make a separate written declaration. Otherwise, however, there is no prescribed form for a written contract. The Conditions of Employment (Information) Act 1994 stipulates that an employer must issue to its employees a written statement of the working conditions of their employment within two months of the commencement of employment. It also states that an employer must inform the employee of any changes to the information provided in the return. There is no general mandatory retirement age in the Republic of Ireland. Some employment contracts have a mandatory retirement age (i.e. the age at which you must retire), but if it is not defined in your employment contract or accepted by custom and practice, you cannot be forced to retire. If possible, benefits should be granted on a pro rata basis.
In some cases, this can be difficult. In the case of a benefit such as health insurance or company car, which cannot be easily divided, employers must decide to deny it to part-time workers. Employers may decide that the cost of extending such a benefit to part-time workers would be prohibitive. However, it will not be enough for employers to prove that a benefit cannot be applied proportionately. They must also prove that the decision is justified on objective grounds. You don`t need to go into details, but you do need to include the most important facts about why the business name applies. These must be accurate and relevant for commercial reasons. Most employment contracts are of indefinite duration, which means that they run until one of the parties decides to terminate them. All employees have the legal right to a written declaration of their working conditions within two months of the start of employment. Employers of part-time workers should not treat them less well than full-time employees. Any discriminatory treatment of part-time workers could give rise to a complaint to the Labour Court of Appeal or a complaint of indirect discrimination on the basis of sex, given that the majority of part-time workers are women.
A comparable full-time employee is a person who works for the same employer and performs similar work under the same type of contract. Facilities should also be made available when shared with another company and may extend to facilities located in another location occupied by the tenant. If a TAW works for a tenant in the same job for more than 12 calendar weeks, they are entitled to the same “basic terms and conditions of employment” as a comparable employee. Part-time workers, like their full-time colleagues, are entitled to a minimum level of statutory annual leave, maternity leave and parental leave. Many of these claims are extended or enhanced by contractual terms. Part-time employees should have proportionately the same leave rights as their full-time colleagues. It is recommended that employers do the following: After termination of employment, an employee can of course compete with you without restriction. Any restrictive agreement which seeks to restrict such competition is subject to trade restriction doctrines. It therefore turned out that the employer did not make a statement about his terms and conditions of employment.